Quaid E Azam 14 Points In Urdu Pdf 118
Quaid e Azam 14 Points in Urdu PDF 118
Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the founder of Pakistan and the leader of the All India Muslim League. He presented his famous 14 points on 28th March 1929 in response to the Nehru Report, which was a constitutional proposal by the Indian National Congress. The 14 points of Quaid e Azam were aimed at safeguarding the rights and interests of the Muslims in a united India. They demanded a federal system of government, provincial autonomy, separate electorates, adequate representation of minorities, protection of religious freedom, and no changes in the boundaries of the provinces without the consent of the people.
The 14 points of Quaid e Azam are considered as the basis of the Two Nation Theory, which asserted that the Muslims and Hindus were two distinct nations and could not live together under one political system. The 14 points also influenced the Lahore Resolution of 1940, which demanded a separate homeland for the Muslims of India.
The 14 points of Quaid e Azam are as follows:
The form of the future constitution should be federal with the residuary powers vested in the provinces.
A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.
All legislatures in the country and other elected bodies shall be constituted on the definite principle of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province without reducing the majority in any province to a minority or even equality.
In the Central Legislature, Muslim representation shall not be less than one-third.
Representation of communal groups shall continue to be by means of separate electorate as at present: provided it shall be open to any community, at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favour of a joint electorate.
Any territorial redistribution that might at any time be necessary shall not in any way affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal and NWFP provinces.
Full religious liberty, i.e. liberty of belief, worship and observance, propaganda, association and education, shall be guaranteed to all communities.
No bill or resolution or any part thereof shall be passed in any legislature or any other elected body if three-fourths of the members of any community in that particular body oppose it as being injurious to the interests of that community or in the alternative, such other method is devised as may be found feasible and practicable to deal with such cases.
Sindh should be separated from Bombay Presidency.
Reforms should be introduced in NWFP and Balochistan on the same footing as in other provinces.
Provision should be made in the constitution giving Muslims an adequate share along with other Indians, in all services of state and in local self-governing bodies having due regard to qualifications.
Adequate safeguards shall be provided for minorities in these units and in these regions for protection of their religious cultural economic political administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them; and in other parts of India where Muslims are in a minority adequate safeguards shall be provided for them and other minorities for protection of their religious cultural economic political administrative and other rights and interests in consultation with them.
The constitution should embody adequate safeguards for the protection of Muslim culture and for the protection and promotion of Muslim education language religion personal laws and Muslim charitable institutions and for their due share in grants-in-aid given by state and by local self-governing bodies.
No cabinet either central or provincial should be formed without there being a proportionate number of Muslims among ministers.
If you want to read more about Quaid e Azam's 14 points, you can download a PDF file from this link [PDF]. This file contains a detailed explanation of each point in Urdu language. You can also watch a video lecture on this topic from this link [Video]. This video explains Quaid e Azam's 14 points with examples and historical context. You can also read an online article on this topic from this link [Article]. This article provides a summary and analysis of Quaid e Azam's 14 points.
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